Home >  Passages

Filter by level:
Filter by author:
LevelPassageBlurbConstructions
AEuripides Andromache 404-20Andromache resolves to offer herself up to her enemies to save her child's lifedeictic δε | μέν…δέ... | deictic δε | ὁστις | μέν…δέ... | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | crasis | γε | δῆτα | ἕνεκα
AEuripides Bacchae 215-234Pentheus explains to the audience how he will punish the bacchantssupplementary participle | accusative and infinitive | correlative | μέν…δέ...
AEuripides Bacchae 43-61The god Dionysus explains why he has come to the city of Thebes.future real conditional
AEuripides Electra 82-99Orestes explains his plans for vengeance to his friend Pyladescrasis
AEuripides Hecuba 303-320Odysseus explains the double need to honour the dead Achillescorrelative | accusative and infinitive | genitive absolute | δε pointing forward | present general temporal clause | τις | οὐκοῦν or οὔκουν | μέν…δέ... | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | τις | future real conditional | μέν…δέ... | crasis | future unreal conditional
AEuripides Helen 557-574Menelaus and Helen recognise each other after a long separation.stichomythia | prohibition
AEuripides Iphigenia in Tauris 1056-1073Iphigenia asks the chorus for supportthird person imperative | crasis | τε | ethic dative | ὁστις | primary purpose clause | ὁστις
AEuripides Medea 231-251Medea bewails the lot of womenἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | crasis
AEuripides Suppliants 513-24 526-530Theseus tells Adrastus to bury the deadpresent real conditional | crasis | result clause with infinitive | participle in indirect statement after verbs of perceiving | ὥστε
AHomer Odyssey 19 474-490Eurycleia makes a dangerous realisationπρίν | negative | deictic δε
AHomer Odyssey 4 554-569Menelaus has asked the Old Man of the Sea which members of the returning army are alive. He is given the answer, and also told of his own fate.potential optative | article as pronoun | article as pronoun | tmesis | potential optative | prohibition | third person imperative | infinitives
AHomer Odyssey 7.22-36Odysseus asks for directions from Athena, who is disguised as a young girl.
AHomer Odyssey 9 252-266The Cyclops asks Odysseus and his men to introduce themselves; Odysseus swallows his fear to explain where they’ve come from.
ALysias Against Agoratus 13.3-6The political situation in which Agoratus, according to the prosecution, committed his crimes.δεῖ | genitive of hearing | primary purpose clause | relative clause | ὁστις | μέλλω | deictic iota | circumstantial participle | correlative
APlato Crito 44e-45b3Crito tries to allay some of Socrates' fearsgenitive of comparison | ἆρα μή | fear clause with subjunctive | ὡς | circumstantial participle
APlato Gorgias 522c-eShould Socrates worry about his inability to defend himself by rhetoric?γε | dative of agent | articular infinitive
APlato Protagoras 319b-cSocrates describes the Athenians' practice of turning to the professionals for expert advice.τος sufix | correlative | present general conditional | crasis | καί as also |
AXenophon Anabasis 2.6.16-19The ambitions and weaknesses of the Boeotian soldier Proxenus are dissected.infinitives | future infinitive
AXenophon Anabasis 3.2.9-10At a council of war, the Greeks interpret a sneeze as a sign from the godsgenitive absolute | deictic δε | optative in indirect speech | supplementary participle | ὁστις | third person imperative | μέν…δέ... | genitive absolute
AXenophon Economics 7.4-8Socrates enquires as to the training of Ischomachus' wifeκαί as also | too | πότερον or πότερα | result clause with infinitive | οἱος | ὥστε | μέν…δέ... | ἄν | future optative | ὅπως | connecting relative | result clause with infinitive | γε | τε |
AXenophon Hellenica 2.3.6-9The surrender of Samos marks the end of the war and the Spartan Lysander returns with the spoilsεἴ τι ἄλλο | circumstantial participle | κατά distributive
AXenophon Symposium 2.3-4Socrates on good and bad ways for people to smell.μέν…δέ... | ὥσπερ | dative of instrument | stichomythia | attributive participle
AXenophon Symposium 4.29-31Charmides explains how to live in the city and explores the problems of being rich, going on to explain why a poor man has fewer worries.fear clause with the optative | ὡς | optative in indirect speech
BEuripides Alcestis 935-953Admetus recognises that he should not have let his wife Alcestis die instead of him.genitive of comparison | genitive of touch after ἅπτομαι
BEuripides Andromache 56-73Andromache's former servant warns her of a Greek plan to kill her sonὡς | indefinite question words
BEuripides Children of Heracles 1018-38The chorus, Alcmene and Eurystheus debate the fate of Eurystheusἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | relative clause
BEuripides Electra 341-357Electra and her husband discuss the arrival of strangersμέν…δέ... | οὐκοῦν or οὔκουν | που | γάρ | deictic δε | ἀλλά
BEuripides Electra 503-519The Old Man (who had been Agamemon's guardian) has some encouraging news for Electra.μῶν | τε | που
BEuripides Medea 231-251Medea bewails the lot of womenἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | crasis
BEuripides Medea 869-894Medea tells Jason she repents of her previous wordsinfinitives
BEuripides Rhesus 147-165Hector asks for a volunteer to spy on the Greeksμέν…δέ... | οὐκοῦν or οὔκουν
BEuripides Troades 1269-1286Hecuba's last moments in Troypostpositions | deictic δε | relative clause | primary purpose clause | hortative subjunctive
BHerodotus Histories 1.8Candaules makes a foolish proposition to Gyges genitive absolute | δε pointing forward | οἱ for ἀυτῳ | possessive dative | ὦν for οὖν | article as pronoun | dative of agent
BHerodotus Histories 2.120Why Herodotus believes the Trojans’ claim that Helen was never in Troy.
BHerodotus Histories 4.97Darius is advised not to destroy a bridgegenitive absolute | attributive participle | circumstantial participle | εἰ as whether | genitive of time or place within which | correlative | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | γε | indefinite question words | fear clause with subjunctive
BHerodotus Histories 9.7An Athenian embassy to Sparta explains the rejection of a settlement with the Persians.μέν…δέ... | article as pronoun | lack of contraction | optative in indirect speech | circumstantial participle | τε | participles after καίπερ
BHomer Iliad 19.28-41Thetis reassures Achilles about what will happen to Patroclus’ corpse. She will tend to it and ensure its preservation.third person imperative | article as pronoun | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | possessive dative
BHomer Odyssey 13 128-145Poseidon complains that the Phaeaecians have been disrespecting his wishes in taking Odysseus back to Ithaca. Zeus placates him.exclamatory relative | relative clause | past unreal conditional | infinitives
BHomer Odyssey 16 70-86Telemachus tells Eumaeus what can be done to entertain a stranger who has recently arrived in Ithacaμέν…δέ... | primary purpose clause | negative | present real conditional
BHomer Odyssey 19 474-490Eurycleia makes a dangerous realisationπρίν | negative | deictic δε
BHomer Odyssey 19.467-484The nurse realises who she's tending to; Odysseus is not best pleaseddative of time when or place at which
BHomer Odyssey 20.104-122One of Odysseus’ servants prays for an end to the suitors’ rampagesμέν…δέ... | epic τε | present general relative clause | wish optative | syllabic nu
BHomer Odyssey 4 554-569Menelaus has asked the Old Man of the Sea which members of the returning army are alive. He is given the answer, and also told of his own fate.potential optative | article as pronoun | article as pronoun | tmesis | potential optative | prohibition | third person imperative | infinitives
BLysias Speeches 1.23-25Eratosthenes caught red-handedindirect command | μέν…δέ... | genitive absolute | μέν…δέ... | circumstantial participle
BLysias Speeches 1.37-40Euphiletus explains why he was right, and why he wouldn't have acted in the way he did if he had been planning to murder Eratosthenespast unreal conditional
BLysias Speeches 1.9-11Euphiletus describes the background to the killinggenitive of touch after ἅπτομαι | καί as also | too | μέν…δέ... | negative | optative in historic indefinite clause | secondary purpose clause with the subjunctive | result clause with indicative | future participle expressing purpose | ὡς | ὥστε | secondary purpose clause with the subjunctive | negative | result clause with indicative | accusative and infinitive | genitive absolute |
BLysias Speeches 3.5-7The defendant relates how Simon broke into his house and embarrassed his female relatives in his amorous pursuit of Theodotus μέν…δέ... | correlative | μέν…δέ... | infinitives | relative clause | result clause with infinitive | genitive absolute | ὥστε | pronouns | result clause with infinitive | πρίν | ὥστε
BLysias Speeches 6.50-52The accuser recapitulates his argument at the end of the speech and lists the various crimes that have led the defendant Andocides to be brought to trial for impiety.dative of agent | γάρ | result clause with indicative | articular infinitive | ὥστε | third person imperative | personal δοκεῖ | correlative | γάρ
BPlato Charmides 159 a-cModeration in all thingsεἴτε | accusative and infinitive | πότερον or πότερα | optative in indirect speech | pronouns
BPlato Crito 44b6-d4Crito begins his attempt at persuading Socrates to escape from prisonpotential optative
BPlato Crito 47d-48aSocrates shows Crito that we must listen to experts when considering questions of right and wrongpresent general conditional | τος sufix
BPlato Gorgias 524b2-d4Socrates describes the similarity between soul and body after the two are separated at death and continues to explain how other, more extreme experiences of the body would be reflected after death.dual
BPlato Hippias Major 285b7-e2What sort of lectures do the Spartans enjoy?result clause with indicative | ὥστε | μήν
BPlato Hippias Minor 364 c-eSocrates and the sophist Hippias discuss Homerenclitic τις with an accent | infinitives | δε pointing forward | infinitives | μέν…δέ... | mixed conditional | present real conditional | γάρ
BPlato Laws 628c6-e5An Athenian and Clinias, a Cretan, discuss what is best for a city, especially in relation to war. The Athenian uses the metaphor of a sick body to explain what he means.articular infinitive | αὐτός |
BPlato Republic 2 375a2-b11The similarity between human and canine guardsοἱος | relative clause | pronouns
BXenophon Anabasis 3.2.4-6Cleanor bewails deceit and bad faith on the part of the Great King, Tissaphernes and Ariaiosδε pointing forward | relative clause
BXenophon Constitution of the Athenians 1.13-16How athletics, music and the allies are treated in Athens μέν…δέ... | γοῦν | primary purpose clause | circumstantial participle | circumstantial participle | dative of advantage | potential optative | τις | εἰ as complement
BXenophon Economics 7.35-7The duties of a wife are explained to herκαί as also | too | correlative | μέν…δέ... | correlative | μέν…δέ... | gerundive | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν |
BXenophon Hellenica 2.3.47-48Theramenes and Critias are discussing their political views. Theramenes responds robustly to the accusation that he is two-faced. He criticizes Critias’ attitude towards the political system, and puts forward his views as to who should participate in the government.ὡς | correlative | γάρ | μέν…δέ... | articular infinitive
BXenophon Hellenica 2.3.54-6Critias hands over Theramenes to the Eleven. The Eleven and their servants drag him off and Xenophon recalls his subsequent behaviour.relative clause | circumstantial participle | deictic iota | relative clause | articular infinitive | μέν…δέ... | correlative
CAeschylus Eumenides 454-469Orestes relates his history to Athena.crasis | ὡς | relative clause
CAndocides On the Peace 17-19The Athenians are reminded just how generous the terms of peace given by the Spartans are.μέν…δέ... | past unreal conditional
CAristophanes Lysistrata 119-130Lysistrata proposes a strategy to prevent war that meets with some dissentpossessive dative | future unreal conditional
CDemosthenes On the Peace 5.1-2Demosthenes bemoans the Athenians' approach to decision-makingarticular infinitive | μέν…δέ... | genitive absolute | participle in indirect statement after verbs of perceiving | μέν…δέ...
CDemosthenes Speeches 18.177-9Demosthenes recalls a speech in which he gave some advice on how best to handle the Thebansaccusative and infinitive | δεῖ | μέν…δέ... | genitive absolute | word order
CDemosthenes Speeches 57.34-6A litigant complains that his opponent's speech has proved nothing; what is more, he has wrongly tried to stir up prejudice against women serving as wet-nurses.infinitives | μέν…δέ... | relative clause | γάρ | prohibition | καί as also | too | γάρ | future real conditional | attributive participle | present unreal conditional | οὔτε…οὔτε | prohibition | articular infinitive |
CDemosthenes Third Phillippic 9.53 Demosthenes advises strong action against the Athenian supporters of Philip. circumstantial participle | πρίν | attributive participle | connecting relative | καί as also | too | result clause with indicative | fear clause with subjunctive | ὥστε |
CEuripides Alcestis 773-789Heracles complains of the gloomy welcome he receives from Admetus' servantprimary purpose clause
CEuripides Alcestis 779-793Advice from Herakles: enjoy life while you canrelative clause misbehaving | γάρ | ἀλλά
CEuripides Children of Heracles 501-22One of Heracles' daughters considers the options and decides it would be best if she died for the city rather than anyone else.πρίν | μέν…δέ... | accusative absolute | infinitives | future real conditional | question | crasis
CEuripides Hippolytus 373-391Phaedra explains where men go wronginfinitive as verbal complement | possessive dative | gerundive | articular infinitive | relative clause misbehaving | μέν…δέ...
CEuripides Hippolytus 498-515The nurse convinces Phaedra to use her potionsgenitive of comparison
CEuripides Ion 289-307Ion quizzes Creusa about her husband and their reasons for consulting the oracleexclamatory relative | crasis | ὡς
CEuripides Phoenician Women 12-27Jocasta tells how Laius had his child exposed.prohibition | γάρ | future future conditional | infinitives | relative clause
CEuripides Phoenissae 388-403Iokasta asks her son Polyneices what it feels like to be deprived of one's own fatherlandarticular infinitive | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | pronouns
CHomer Iliad 2.56-71Agamemnon reports his dream to the Greek eldersinfinitives
CHomer Iliad 3.146-160The Trojan elders comment on Helen from the Scaean gatesthird person imperative | wish optative
CHomer Iliad 6.214-231Glaucon and Diomedes realise old allegiancesaccusative of respect | subjunctive for indefinite future | μέν…δέ... | present general relative clause | hortative subjunctive | primary purpose clause | deictic δε | hortative subjunctive
CHomer Iliad 7.37-53Apollo and Athena decide to suggest a plan of action to Hector, which is relayed by the seer Helenus.hortative subjunctive | ἐαν as 'in the hope that' | potential optative
CHomer Iliad 8.1-17Zeus calls a council of the gods and goddesses to warn them about helping either sidethird person imperative | μή
CHomer Odyssey 1.345-359Telemachus reproaches Penelope for telling the bard to stop singing about the Trojan Warquestion | relative clause | present general relative clause
CHomer Odyssey 13 128-145Poseidon complains that the Phaeaecians have been disrespecting his wishes in taking Odysseus back to Ithaca. Zeus placates him.exclamatory relative | relative clause | past unreal conditional | infinitives
CHomer Odyssey 15 265-281Telemachus befriends a refugeepossessive dative | future participle expressing purpose
CHomer Odyssey 16 70-86Telemachus tells Eumaeus what can be done to entertain a stranger who has recently arrived in Ithacaμέν…δέ... | primary purpose clause | negative | present real conditional
CHomer Odyssey 2 6-20Telemachus marks his assembly debut with a dashing entranceγάρ
CHomer Odyssey 3 79-97Telemachus asks Nestor for news of his fatherdeictic δε | ἐαν as 'in the hope that' | μέν…δέ... | relative clause
CHomer Odyssey 7 244-58Odysseus tells Arete how he reached Calypso's island Ogygiaτις | dative of time when or place at which
CIsocrates To Demonicus 1.13-15Isocrates gives Demonicus some advice on how to become virtuous and improve one's reputationcorrelative | correlative | μέν…δέ... | μέν…δέ...
CLysias Speeches 12.4-6Lysias explains how the Thirty Tyrants targeted resident aliens because of their moneyμέν…δέ... | crasis | result clause with infinitive | ὥστε | γάρ | optative in indirect speech | μέν…δέ... | γάρ
CLysias Speeches 2.55-57The speaker praises the great achievements of his Athenian ancestorspotential optative | μέν…δέ... | circumstantial participle | connecting relative
CLysias Speeches 24.21-23The speaker pleads for retention of a disability allowancecorrelative | circumstantial participle | μέν…δέ...
CPlato Gorgias 483a7-c6Callicles describes different kinds of wrong-doingμέν…δέ... | articular infinitive | cognate accusative | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | circumstantial participle | attributive participle
CPlato Hippias Minor 365b-365dSocrates and Hippias discuss a quotation from Iliad 9 in which Achilles tells Odysseus how much he hates those who say one thing and think another.optative in indirect speech | γάρ
CPlato Ion 540d5-541a6Socrates makes distinctions between different artsἄρα | καί as also |
CPlato Protagoras 310b-dSocrates has an unexpected visitgenitive of time or place within which | deictic iota
CPlato Protagoras 310d-311dSocrates questions Hippocrates' motives for going to see Protagorasμῶν | ὡς | ὡς | ὡς | ὡς
CPlato Protagoras 334c7-335a3Socrates asks Protagoras to adjust his arguments to his audienceτυγχάνω | πότερον or πότερα | correlative
CPlato Theaetetus 142a6-d3How Socrates recognised Theaetetus' early promiseμῶν | ἄλλα τε καί | δοκεῖ μοι
CPlato Timaeus 224b4-d5An Egyptian explains why Greek history is shortμέν…δέ... | δε pointing forward
CSophocles Antigone 497-511Antigone and Creon argue about how shameful her actions arewish optative | exclamatory relative | potential indicative | future unreal conditional | crasis | τε | γάρ
CSophocles Antigone 531-551Antigone and Ismene discuss who was responsible for the burying of their brothernegative | prohibition | articular infinitive
CSophocles Oedipus at Colonus 1-18Oedipus and Antigone arrive at the outskirts of Athenscrasis | ἄν | primary purpose clause | indirect question | deictic δε | ὡς
CSophocles Oedipus Coloneus 1291-1307Polyneices explains his actionsconnecting relative
CThucydides The Peloponnesian War 2.1How the war beganoptative in indirect speech | ὥστε
CThucydides The Peloponnesian War 3.72.2-74.1Beginnings of civic violence in Corcyragenitive absolute | attributive participle
CXenophon Agesilaus 1Agesilaus should be praised for the nobility of both his family and his cityμέν…δέ... | potential optative
CXenophon Agesilaus 7.1.3Xenophon outlines Agesilaus' virtues as a rulerpotential optative | relative clause | ὡς | deictic δε | circumstantial participle | supplementary participle
CXenophon Anabasis 4.8A former slave, instructed by Xenophon, negotiates a truce between Greeks and barbariansaccusative and infinitive | optative in indirect speech | accusative and infinitive | present real conditional | indirect question | ἀλλά | ὄτι in direct speech | indirect command | future participle expressing purpose | γε | indirect question | potential optative | καί…καί | accusative and infinitive
CXenophon Cyropaedia 7.2.11-13Cyrus asks Croesus for advice. Cyrus' men deserve a reward for captuing Sardis, but he does not want them to sack the city. Croesus comes up with a plan to appease Cyrus' army without the city being destroyed. participle in indirect statement after verbs of perceiving | accusative and infinitive | future future conditional
CXenophon Economics 3.10-12Some men try to live co-operatively with their wives: but whose fault is it when they go wrong?μέν…δέ... | result clause with infinitive | ὥστε | μέν…δέ... | question
CXenophon Hellenica 2.3.24–27Critias explains why it is necessary to kill not only democrats, but also his fellow oligarch Theramenes.μέν…δέ... | accusative and infinitive | potential optative | correlative | accusative and infinitive | third person imperative | future real conditional | articular infinitive | articular infinitive
CXenophon Hiero 6.1-4Uneasy lies the head that wears a crownμέν…δέ... | articular infinitive | articular infinitive | μέν…δέ... | articular infinitive | εἴ τι ἄλλο | dative of similarity
CXenophon Memorabilia 1.1.20-2.2.2 How could Socrates have made other people bad since he was so wise himself?correlative | accusative and infinitive | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | articular infinitive
CXenophon Memorabilia 1.6Socrates questions whether his life really is as miserable as Antiphon thinksδοκεῖ μοι | ἄν | μέν…δέ... | πότερον or πότερα | ἄν
CXenophon Symposium 2.3-4Socrates on good and bad ways for people to smell.μέν…δέ... | ὥσπερ | dative of instrument | stichomythia | attributive participle
DAeschylus Eumenides 454-469Orestes relates his history to Athena.crasis | ὡς | relative clause
DAeschylus Persians 447-65Xerxes' disastrous strategyτις | exclamatory relative
DAntiphon On the murder of Herodes 5.26-27Amphibious murdergenitive absolute | μέν…δέ... | μέν…δέ... | word order
DAristophanes Clouds 1043-57The Better Argument and the Worse Argument debate: are hot baths bad for one's character?question | word order | question | δῆτα
DAristophanes Ecclesiazusae 1144-1162Blepyrus goes off to celebrate, and the Chorus commend their play to the judgesarticular infinitive | οὐκοῦν or οὔκουν | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | infinitives
DAristophanes Lysistrata 119-130Lysistrata proposes a strategy to prevent war that meets with some dissentpossessive dative | future unreal conditional
DAristophanes Peace 215-233Hermes predicts to the Athenian Trygaeus what Peace and War will do if a truce with the Spartans is rejectedgenitive of time or place within which | accusative of respect | gerundive | mixed conditional | γοῦν
DDemosthenes Against Meidias 21.222-225It is the power of the laws which gives authority to the jurors.prohibition
DDemosthenes Speeches 18.177-9Demosthenes recalls a speech in which he gave some advice on how best to handle the Thebansaccusative and infinitive | δεῖ | μέν…δέ... | genitive absolute | word order
DDemosthenes Speeches 9.3-4Freedom of speech has its dangersμέν…δέ... | μέν…δέ... | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | μέν…δέ...
DDemosthenes Third Philippic 9.25–27Demosthenes catalogues Philip of Macedon’s recent military and political victories to prove that nothing in Greek history can compare to his recent injustices.μέν…δέ... | κατά distributive
DDemosthenes Third Phillippic 9.53 Demosthenes advises strong action against the Athenian supporters of Philip. circumstantial participle | πρίν | attributive participle | connecting relative | καί as also | too | result clause with indicative | fear clause with subjunctive | ὥστε |
DEuripides Andromache 1-6, 8-19Andromache introduces herself to the audience with a brief summary of what she has suffered so far.ἵνα with indicative
DEuripides Andromache 624-44Peleus reproaches Menelaus for his record of bad behaviourμή | μή | infinitives
DEuripides Ion 289-307Ion quizzes Creusa about her husband and their reasons for consulting the oracleexclamatory relative | crasis | ὡς
DHerodotus Histories 2.118The Egyptian priests tell Herodotus their version of the Trojan war.genitive absolute | δε pointing forward
DHerodotus Histories 8.37Miracles at the temple of Athena Pronaea infinitives | possessive dative | genitive of touch after ἅπτομαι | genitive of comparison | πρίν
DHomer Iliad 16.2-19Achilles asks Patroclus why he is crying.primary purpose clause | epic τε
DHomer Iliad 16.439-457Hera warns Zeusexclamatory relative | μή | article as pronoun
DHomer Iliad 3.225-242Priam asks Helen to identify some more Achaeansoptative in historic indefinite clause
DHomer Odyssey 1 80-95Athena outlines her plan for Odysseus' returnἐαν as 'in the hope that' | future participle expressing purpose
DHomer Odyssey 13 291-310Athena compares herself to Odysseus and gives him some help.μέλλω | circumstantial participle
DHomer Odyssey 13 311-328Odysseus reviews his relationship with Athenasecondary purpose clause | γε | τις
DHomer Odyssey 3 79-97Telemachus asks Nestor for news of his fatherdeictic δε | ἐαν as 'in the hope that' | μέν…δέ... | relative clause
DHomer Odyssey 3.75-91Telemachus answers Nestor's questions and asks in turn about Odysseusἐαν as 'in the hope that' | accusative and infinitive | circumstantial participle
DHomer Odyssey 7 244-58Odysseus tells Arete how he reached Calypso's island Ogygiaτις | dative of time when or place at which
DIsocrates Letters 3 (Nicocles) 14-16Monarchy rules OKμέν…δέ... | present general conditional | γε | articular infinitive
DLysias Speeches 24.4-6A defendant argues that he should not be deprived of a disability allowance from the cityaccusative and infinitive
DPlato Charmides 156a9-c9Socrates introduces Charmides to the idea of holistic medicinecorrelative | relative clause | indefinite question words | optative in indirect speech | καί as also |
DPlato Euthydemus 273c1-e2What do two sophists, Euthydemus and Dionysodorus, teach?correlative | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | dual
DPlato Gorgias 523a1-c1Socrates explains how the judgement of men at their death changed after the age of Kronos. δε pointing forward | μέν…δέ...
DPlato Lysis 207e1-208b1Socrates asks a teenager whether his parents allow him to drive their chariotδε pointing forward | ἄν | οὐκοῦν or οὔκουν | ἐάν as ἄν or ἤν | ἄν
DPlato Menexenus 238b7-d5As part of a funeral oration, Socrates praises the ancestral constitution of Athens.deictic δε | μέν…δέ... | μέν…δέ...
DPlato Phaedo 84e-85b7Socrates explains to Simmias that, as with swans, he rejoices at the prospect of his imminent death.genitive of comparison | present general temporal clause | καί as also | too | circumstantial participle | δή |
DPlato Protagoras 310b-dSocrates has an unexpected visitgenitive of time or place within which | deictic iota
DPlato Protagoras 310d-311dSocrates questions Hippocrates' motives for going to see Protagorasμῶν | ὡς | ὡς | ὡς | ὡς
DPlato Republic 3 393d3-394b2The start of the Iliad rewrittenpast unreal conditional | μέν…δέ...
DSophocles Ajax 485-503Tecmessa seeks her husband's understandinggenitive of comparison | relative clause
DSophocles Antigone 902-20Antigone contemplates her punishment at the hands of Creon for honouring her brother Polyneices' bodyword order | attributive participle
DSophocles Electra 23-41Orestes has just arrived at Mycenae: he thanks his old paedagogos for his loyalty and asks him for advice.exclamatory relative | simile
DSophocles Trachiniae 49-66As Deianeira laments the absence of Heracles, the nurse proves that even a slave can give good advice.μέν…δέ... | καί as also | too |
DThucydides The Pelopennesian War 7.71.2-3Spectators respond to the varying fortunes of the Athenian fleetdative of similarity
DThucydides The Peloponnesian War 2.1How the war beganoptative in indirect speech | ὥστε
DThucydides The Peloponnesian War 3.47Diodotus explains why the Athenians should not punish the demos of Mytilene for the island's rebellion from the empire.future future conditional | τε | relative clause | genitive of comparison | imperative | relative clause | potential optative | circumstantial participle
DThucydides The Peloponnesian War 4.59Hermon tries to persuade the Sicilians that, given the risks involved in waging war, mediation is their best policy.οὔτε…οὔτε | οὔτε…οὔτε | μέν…δέ...
DThucydides The Peloponnesian War 5.27After the Spartans have established an alliance with Athens, the Corinthians try to persuade the Argives to make a defensive alliance of their own with other cities.accusative and infinitive | καί as also |
DThucydides The Peloponnesian War 5.40The Argives are anxious to make an alliance with Spartafear clause with subjunctive | ὡς | τε | participle in indirect statement after verbs of perceiving | accusative and infinitive | τε | ὥστε | result clause with infinitive | future infinitive | mixed conditional
DThucydides The Peloponnesian War 7.8.1-3Nikias asks for reinforcements, considering carefully how best to deliver his messageμή | articular infinitive | ἄν
DThucydides The Peloponnesian War 8 65.1-66.1Plotting and preparation in Athens for Peisander's takeoverdative of agent | οὔτε…οὔτε | gerundive | present general relative clause